Withdrawal Agreement Timing
Prior to withdrawal, a withdrawal agreement was negotiated to ensure that the main political and economic ties between the EU and the UK are not severed overnight after withdrawal. This agreement has been in force since 1 February 2020, the day the UK left the EU. It provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which EU law will continue to apply to the UK and the UK will remain a member of the EU single market and the EU customs union. The EU and the UK are negotiating their future relationship during this transition period. The Political Declaration on the Future Relationship agreed by both parties accompanies the Withdrawal Agreement and sets the framework for the negotiations. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration, replacing the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” in relation to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade researcher at the Centre for European Reform, the change excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the level playing field mechanism has been moved from the legally binding Withdrawal Agreement to the Political Declaration and the line in the Political Declaration that “the UK will consider aligning itself with EU legislation in relevant areas” has been deleted.  The European Parliament will vote on the agreement on 29 January. Once Parliament has given its consent, the Council adopts, by written procedure, the decision to conclude the agreement on behalf of the EU. Once adopted, the Withdrawal Agreement with the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU will enter into force on 31 March. January 2020 at midnight (Brussels time) in force. On 23 June 2016, British citizens voted to leave the EU.
On 29 March 2017, the UK formally notified the European Council of its intention to leave the EU. On 17 October 2019, the European Council (Article 50) approved the Withdrawal Agreement as agreed by negotiators from both parties. It also endorsed the revised Political Declaration on the framework for the future relationship between the EU and the UK. On October 22, 2019, the House of Commons voted by 329 votes to 299 to grant the revised Withdrawal Agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month) at second reading, but when the accelerated timetable he proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation would be suspended.   The UK has notified the EU of the completion of its internal procedures necessary for the entry into force of the Withdrawal Agreement. Eurosceptic critics, including the conservative anti-EU European Research Group (ERG), suspected that he had permanently linked the UK to the EU`s trade policy. EU sources pointed out that the UK-wide mechanism was included in the withdrawal agreement at the request of the UK to avoid a secession of Northern Ireland from the rest of the UK. WTO rules: If countries do not have free trade agreements, they must act in accordance with the rules established by a global body called the World Trade Organization (WTO), which means that taxes on goods under Article 50 do not allow the outgoing member state to participate in votes on its withdrawal.
Therefore, the United Kingdom will not participate in the Council`s vote on VA. An agreement must be ready to enter into force at the end of the transition period at the end of December. In practice, an agreement must be reached earlier in order to have time for the ratification process and for both parties to prepare. .